Posted: January 4th, 2013 by Militant Libertarian
I decided to read through the grievances and indictments of the representatives of the colonists when penning the Declaration of Independence. As I read through each one, I was surprised to find that not much has changed. The king has simply become a federation of central “federal” government – a monarchy now re-branded as an oligarchy. And I have found that this federal government is and has acted worse, with leaps and bounds, in its tyranny over the States, once colonies, and the people in general. And so I have re-written this Declaration of Independence with just three changes, since most of the declaration needed no such change.
Change #1 was to simply replace the names of “Great Britain” and its “King” with the Federal “government” and its many “presidents”. With this simple alteration, the document shines brightly with the same tyranny of current affairs.
Change #2 was to change the context of this declaration to that of the disposition of one man claiming his own sovereign independence from all forms of government, while still pledging his love, respect, and devotion to natural law to his fellow natural man.
Change #3 was to simply update the list of indictments and grievances to reflect a situation that is much worse today than was even technically possible back then – and yet many current indictments and grievances are not even included here today.
Perhaps, after reading through these new indictments, you may find that we have vastly more reasons today to abolish this government than the colonists ever did way back in history…
Though most of this original declaration remains the same with perfect clarity and assimilation to that of today’s tyrannies, those changes that I have made are in bold, with the former words crossed out for reference.
A Free Man’s Declaration Of Independence
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. And the people should naturally and politically expect, as amongst themselves, that their chosen form of government does no harm to the people or to their property, both collectively and individually, as natural law so dictates.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator, and that this be the highest form of law over that of man, whatever that belief be to each individual, so long as natural law be protected and practiced within, with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, specifically all contractual obligations to it and to its own monopolized monetary debt system, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies States, and the individual people in general; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain the presidents and congresses of this United States, is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States and of free men. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
(Note: The following indictments and particulars have been changed for the modern disposition of government. The original indictments have been included here in italics and then replaced to show that modern concerns and tyrannies are in all cases equal if not worse than when the original Declaration was penned in the late 1700’s. Old grievances are in italics, followed by current grievances.)
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
Government has exempted itself from its own laws that so govern the people, breaking them with perfunctory legal privilege as any King or dictator might. Many of these laws that do govern the people do not promote or assist in the public good, and are not wholesome or necessary for the good of the people.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
Government ignores and often breaks State laws; especially those propositions and amendments passed in elections by the vote of the people without need or want of government approval. It knows no boundaries or borders in its attempts to enforce violently its federal laws despite the people’s and the individual State’s will. Its federal courts lay waste to the people’s will of law, falsely claiming judicial due process and the authority of the constitution, though these courts indeed are often not constitutional and often act unlawfully.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
Government has created the 14th Amendment and other like acts and legislation, creating in all men, many at birth without informed consent, an involuntary “citizen” in commerce as residents of Washington D.C, where all of the people’s power is entrapped by implied and manufactured consent into a federal legislature that represents government and corporations, and no longer the people. Government has in the past and present ignored State’s secession attempts, and forbids the inception of new States or countries within its self-appointed and militarily offensive and defensive jurisdictional borders. Government has required municipal incorporation and corporate charter for all districts and cities of people in order to govern themselves, forcing compliance to its federal and now international laws via forced citizenship, a right formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
Representatives of each state must travel and live outside of the 50 states united, to the District of Columbia, Washington D.C, to meet for legislative purposes. This legislative body lives and works outside of their state of origin, forced to work and act in the District of Columbia; not his or her state of representation, and are subsequently stripped of any responsibility for their personal actions both ethical and legal, as representatives and employees of that government. This unusual governance is only trumped by these representatives’ voluntary involvement and participation in the United Nations and in its obedience and promotion of international uniform laws and codes and Agenda 21 policies, which do not meet the principles of the American people or of its constitution. The government often stands in abeyance of the constitution in lieu of international standards and practices. And government itself decides through committees of its own members on the ethics and lawfulness of its own deeds, without judicial review or public involvement, as an unregulated oligarchy – regulators with no regulation or supervision; no punishment for crimes.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness of his invasions on the rights of the people.
Any attempt by the people, including those of the confederate side of the civil war, who long for a true representative house on behalf of the people, are halted, dissolved, and the people fined and/or incarcerated for opposing with manly firmness of governments invasion upon the rights of those people. Government forbids alternative and competitive currencies, and protects the wrong doings and invasions of the people’s rights by its representatives and officers under color of law.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
Through the political party system, those who would truly represent the people are shut out of the electoral and election system, due to laws that allow for this exclusion, and that are incapable of annihilation but by the so-called representatives of the people, which are of a vast controlling majority members of these same political parties. The borders of the States are continuously left insecure, even as the States and the individual people are halted, by color of law, by this federal government from protecting those borders, again, through legislation by that same government. Meanwhile, government’s constitutionally forbidden standing armies are in foreign lands in times of peace, protecting profitable international trade under the guise of spreading democracy to people’s that do not seek such governance nor have requested it or this government’s army’s presence there. The people’s taxes are not requested for such military campaigns, but are instead apportioned by the congress, sometimes with the creation of new debt in that apportionment, against the overwhelming will of the people.
He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
Government has created unreasonable bounds, fees, and hurdles for the purposes of legal immigration into this country, while failing in its duties to enforce the already established laws relating to illegal immigration and the employment of such foreign men, women, and under-age children with no legal status; causing to suffer the remainder of its natural born citizenry to lower wages and a lack of equitable employment. It refuses to equitably halt the hiring of these non-natural born foreigners, who cross our borders freely, by the corporations who do so unlawfully. This has created an unprecedented dependence of the natural-born citizenry to that same government for sustenance. Also, this government has permitted and indeed required the equitable hiring of foreigners with unconstitutional work permits, through its homeland security program entitled “E-Verify”, which forces employers to hire illegal workers with such permits and limits said employers from both dismissing those foreign (illegal) workers and from hiring whom that employer so chooses; so creating a system of government-protected and forced unnatural equality punishable by fines and purposeful interference of government in that private venture, including removal of license to do business and to employ.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
Government has assigned all authority of the judicial to the Executive branch, via the “Justice Department”, thus never having acted according to its constitution, creating this judicial “department” with no actual independent third branch of government as a check and balance structure in the “Act of 1789”. Whereby justices of that misnamed “supreme court” are appointed not by the people, but by that Executive officer (president) and approved by congress, not the people. The administration of government’s courts has been handed over to a private association called the BAR association, which unconstitutionally has ties of a contractual nature with the International BAR Association, including uniform administration with many foreign countries, and that purposefully avoids the “common law”. A president, being a member of that BAR association, is an unacceptable conflict of interest. As well, since many in the congress are also a member of the BAR and also of their perspective private associations called political parties, which indirectly elect that president through the electoral college, the constitutional intent of a “separation of powers” and of “checks and balances” in no way can be met by this government. This government fails to recognize the ultimate power of the people, ignoring in totality any grand jury findings and indictments that are made by these lawful juries of the people. In short, with regards to the government, the legal system is indeed lawless.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
Government, via the congressional process and via consent or approval of the Executive branch, has erected numerous New Offices, including all Executive Departments and their unelected, appointed Secretaries, as well as the Executive’s recently appointed “Czars” – a government not elected but appointed. Congressional creation of such Offices as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and other known and Unknown Offices are unacceptable and unconscionable in an open and transparent constitutional government of the people, and these organizations act without the consent of the people as independent agencies of government not constitutionally enumerated, and certainly against that document’s and the people’s intent. Confiscation of property, financial harassment, debtor’s prisons, and other methods of harassment and tyranny have truly eaten out the substance of a free people, whom have been forced into a contractual debt servitude to this government against their will and without their consent.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
Government has created a standing army, with several branches of that service, and with several secretive, covert, and unlawful smaller agencies within that standing and active army, despite being in a time of peace. This standing army numbers in the multi-millions of men and women, whom draw a salary from the people’s taxation, and is now engaged in multiple congressional undeclared wars and occupations of other countries, many without navy or air assets or the ability to defend themselves. These unlawful and unconstitutional invasions and occupations are utilized under emergency power declarations of the Executive Officer (president) without necessity or legitimacy, and without the will or consent of the people or of the legislature needed to declare war. And in its worst action, government’s armies are now standing within the borders of these states united, with Executive Orders and other legislation in place to stand against the people of this homeland. This egregious and aggressive placement of troops within the places where the people co-habitate is unacceptable and stands alone as a cause for disillusion of this government.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.
With the disbandment of lawful and constitutional militias, in its stead was created an Executive controlled military power as a standing army in times of peace against the intent of the constitution, that is independent of congressional powers and utilized at the presidents “privilege” under His emergency powers. For its use, no voter or congressional approval is needed. Thus, the military is independent of and superior to the Civil Power, not held accountable for its actions in death, harm, and pillage; nor in the personal responsibility of its members, which are protected under color of law. An army of men with no responsibility for their actions abroad is no substitute for an honorable volunteer militia with the purpose of protecting the American lands and its people at home from such government military intrusions, both foreign and domestic.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
Government has accepted numerous treaties of international laws and organizations, not the least of these being that of the United Nations as a member. Government’s Executive Officer has accepted titles from foreign bodies to become leader of these international organizations while serving as president at home in violation of all standards of tradition and law. And He has accepted, and congress has given its Assent to these international laws and codes, knowing full well the goal of unification of United States law into the international standards set by these foreign bodies is with the ultimate intent of snuffing out this great established country and its laws as subordinate to outside ones. Government has long enough pretended in its legislation and in the public opinions of its fictional courts that the people are subject to any thing that government demands and the courts approve, without the consent of its people.
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
Government’s acceptance of foreign troops into these states united for training and other purposes, its use of United States troops to forcibly guard and search the people in public places, as well as its inclusion of its own troops in N.A.T.O and United Nations and other international organizations for the purposes of undeclared war-for-profit operations abroad, does not meet the standards of consent of the people, its constitution, and in many cases its congress.
For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
Military courts and tribunals are not sufficient for the purposes of liberty and justice for all people of the world. For, no Army should be in a position to judge for itself the competency or legality of its own actions. No man should stand trial before such a military establishment without the protections of his country and his natural rights. And no man should have immunity for his actions at home or abroad, acting with impunity in the taking of another’s life, liberty, property, and happiness. Yet this is the state of government’s unlawful, unconstitutional, standing army.
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
Government is guilty of trading with the enemy, by its own enumerated standards and laws, in its trade with China and other nations who self-proclaim to be communist in nature. Its promotion of international trade with foreign nations, many of which this government has invested into the building and operation of those foreign economies, has created hardships and unemployment standards in this country bordering on criminal, creating starvation and poverty previously unknown to such a wealthy land of natural resources, many of which are now imported at the expense of the people who might otherwise harvest the land. Government’s promotion of corporate and quasi-governmental corporation monopolies and its extrication of basic anti-trust laws have all but monopolized foreign trade within government and its investment-held corporations. Government stands in a severe conflict of interest, as a main shareholder of all major and influential corporations, receiving benefits and emoluments (royalties) for such investments, and creating legal loopholes to promote corporate greed and opportunity instead of protecting the people of the nation from that corporate greed and opportunity. In this nation, where the shareholder has more rights than the common man, government’s allowance of such standards and protection of corporate harm against its people, are reason enough for its dismissal.
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
The very act of retaliation, exaction, extortion, punishment, incarceration, eminent domain, confiscation, and other forms of the imposition of forced taxation imply the lack of acknowledgment of the people’s lack of consent to be unfairly taxed. No fair nation, by which freedom, justice, and liberty for all shall be its moniker, should have the ability to create debtors prisons or to legalize extortion and exaction for the purposes of collections of either just or unjust taxation.
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
Government courts, being relative and beholden to the Rules of Court Procedure rather than to the constitution or common law, as well as upholding the copyrighted legal precedents and opinions of the BAR Associations of the Law Society, have deprived the people of a sense of justice delivered via an educated jury of our peers, placing into conviction those who attempt to educate such people in such juries. When a judge, his prosecutor, the defending attorney, the court clerk, and any police officers involved in any case all work for the same municipal corporation, which stands to profit via the exaction of monies in that case, the concept of a fair trial becomes obsolete. And when a judge may overrule a jury in its final lawful decision, justice doth not prosper.
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
Government military tribunals now act falsely as lawful courts, utilizing rendition and other forms of kidnapping and torture methods in its justification of self-proclaimed justice. These war crimes see no punishment because government never declares war, cowardly killing or vanishing its dissenters and its critics under color of law, into established foreign military installations, prisons, and torture houses. It then profits from the forced labor of its incarcerated inmates, a commerce of souls in servitude to a corrupt, for-profit, prison system approved by congress and the Executive branch.
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
Government continues to make uniform its federal laws and legal codes, including international ones, and has encroached beyond measure into the free initiative of the individual States to depose such central tyranny of law. Government now encroaches on an international scale, deposing foreign governments and replacing those lawful leaders with arbitrary governments and military or corporate men who have United States interests above their own people’s interests, just as the people of these states united have suffered for too long. Government’s spread of it’s own form of democracy through military force is out of bounds with its constitutionally enumerated purposes.
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
Indeed, government has systematically encroached upon and dismissed many of our most cherished laws and institutions, often replacing them with pretenders that act differently while still operating under the same name. Our constitutional form of government in its intent has been absolutely altered in its most fundamental forms; now unrecognizable in its jurisdictions and in its self-proclaimed authorities. No resemblance to the original intent of said constitution is apparent within the halls of government, and its actions against the people deposing their enumerated rights are proof enough that this government now and for many decades has operated outside of the authority granted to it by the people’s consent and by the constitution itself. And government’s encroachment and avocation of independent State laws is alone a cause for its dismissal, as it fundamentally usurps the forms of state and local governments.
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever
From the time of the Civil War, military governments have replaced lawful constitutional ones under “reconstruction” acts and amendments, suspending lawful legislatures under a permanent state of the Martial’s of law (military rule), after government declared for itself the power to legislate through military force. This military rule has not been lifted, and peace never declared through treaty; martial law continuing under the Libor Code structure and government military occupation, with military bases in all 50 of these states as occupying forces. Government has created its own Legislation that no longer requires the vote of the people, only our cooperation by unlawful force of our consent and fine and imprisonment for our lack of said consent.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
Government has declared all citizens as “enemies of the State”, and in 1933 the Senate concluded that, through emergency powers under the amended Trading With The Enemy Act, that: “Under these powers the president may: seize property; organize and control the means of production; seize commodities; assign military forces abroad; institute martial law; seize and control all transportation and communication; regulate the operation of private industry; restrict travel, and in a plethora of particular ways, control the lives of all American citizens.” (Senate Report 93-549). And so, in government’s preoccupation with its emergency powers authorities, with which it declares itself all powerful through martial law (Title 32, Sections 501.1, 501.3, 501.4), it has tread deeply on that of the individual freedoms and liberties of all citizens, while making impossible for most the true pursuit of happiness in this nation through its relentless regulation of that pursuit. Let it be so declared that in history, not one dictatorship is developed out of free will of the people dictated, and that most important to the establishment of such is the abrogation of property rights, the dictatorial right to seize private property at will, the forced governmental right to organize and control all forms of production, transportation, and other infrastructure of that country including the restriction of movement and travel of its citizens, and most importantly the systematic control of the media that would otherwise criticize that dictatorship. This government has succeeded in surpassing even the most powerful of dictators and kings in its tyranny, even as most of its subjects are unaware of its dictates.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
No longer the protectorate of the people, this government has allowed for its military and other corporations, through government contract, to ravage the pristine lands, waters, coasts, and towns of this nation, and indeed the world. Government’s Navy patrols the international seas, its armies patrol the international borders, its air force patrols the international skies and the voids of space, and its Marines conduct secret operations unknown to the people. Its sonar and scalar weapons testing has devastated the marine life, and its testing, radiation, and pollution has ravished the animal and human habitats and caused untold extinction levels. Government has forced its restrictions on food and medicines, making natural healing and curative medicine all but illegal, while allowing patents that monopolize the treatment of symptoms for curable diseases as that industries main investor.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
With multiple millions of men, women, and children killed by this governments standing armies in the foreign lands it invades without the consent of the people, without its permission, and without lawful reason, this government’s works of death, desolation, and tyranny seem boundless. Its use of cruelty, perfidy, and other deceptions against adults and children via its self-proclaimed legal tools of torture, rape, pillage, humiliation, subjugation, and rendition without personal responsibility of its men in uniform, resembles the most barbarous of dictators and ages of kings, not the least of which being the very King for which this country was founded against. The long line of blood-related presidents of this United States have all proved totally unworthy as the Head of a civilized nations, not the least of which is their current president and cousin.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
Government has offered military service to foreigners as an inducement of gaining favor and citizenship in the United States. In such offer, government has enlisted foreign mercenaries to fight against their own country of origin in return for citizen status. It has also made it treasonous for its own fighting men to withdraw consent for the unlawful acts expected of them while in service of this government, and treats such honorable acts of courage with court-martial and dishonorable merits. And government has enacted laws and regulations to this effect that will require its military men and women in time of “governmental need” to take up arms against their own citizenry; against their own brothers, sisters, mothers, and fathers. For this treasonous act alone, it is reason enough to declare an abolishing of this government.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
Government has divided the people, through lack of education and through promotion of false education and indoctrination, creating domestically large groups of insurgent men and women of good conscious, who believe in the ideals of the intent of this nation, and whom will fight for that intent on behalf of all good peoples of this nation and of the world, even as this government demonizes and oppresses these groups of people in their efforts to educate others and organize peacefully. Government has allowed the atrocities of merciless Indian concentration camps called “reservations”, stripping the dignity and well being, life, liberty, and happiness from these Native peoples. There is no reason for the people to believe that, as dissenters and insurrectionist freedom-fighters, that they should be treated with any more regard or respect than those of these Native American peoples, or as those of the Confederacy were treated in their lawful pursuit of separation from government’s tyranny and control. And against rational and lawful constitutional concerns, this government has allowed duel-citizens of Israel and the United States to infiltrate its Agencies, its government, its media, its corporations, its infrastructure, and its citizenry, who have excited this domestic unease amongst us. And as international citizens, it endeavors to bring the inhabitants of our country and all countries against that of its own proclaimed enemies, with its well-known use of sabotage and psychological warfare for its destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions, ethics, morals, and values, but for the sole benefit of that of its own international Jewish people. When appointed officers of the government are foreign born citizens of another civilization and country, and are knowingly appointed as such by government itself into high positions of power within that government, then the government itself can no longer be considered sovereign or of the people.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
Alas, every attempt at correction of these grievances, from petitions to demands, from court decisions to governmental decrees, and from any other form, have been unanswered or ignored, or have been made trivial in governments corrupt court system. Letters are answered by form letters. Emails are copied and sent into the digital nether. And petitions are ignored entirely, all having no legal authority on government’s decisions. In short, petitions are not accepted, complaints are not taken, and redresses are not issued. This brightly lit beacon signifies that these complaints of these oppressions will certainly be answered by nothing more that repeated injury to the people by this government, under the false assumption and manufacture of that same people’s consent to this tyranny. When a government no longer listens or responds lawfully to the complaints and requests of its majority or its minority, and when that government punishes its people for such efforts, that government is no longer a representative government. A president and a congress, under a military rule, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.
We have not been wanting in attentions to our British brethren federal government, from whom all past presidents and the current one have been bloodline cousins of themselves and to the current queen of England. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us as free people and as body politics within the individual states. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We I, therefore, the Representative of
the united States of America myself and all contracts thereof, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our my intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies myself as a natural born man with God-given rights above that of men and their corporate governments, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies states are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, Israel, and the Federal Government, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, Israel and the Federal Government, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do, including the succession from this corrupt Union. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we I mutually pledge to each other our all fellow free men my Lives Life, our Fortunes my support in all things necessary to protect our lives, liberties, natural rights, and our mutual pursuits of happiness, and our my sacred Honor.
Among other free men,